For your refugee claim to be accepted, you must show you are either a Convention Refugee or Person In Need of Protection. A Member at the IRB-RPD will decide after they read your documents and listen to your story.
You need to understand the definitions and how to gather evidence to help your claim.
Read each part of the definitions. For every part that is true for you, make a list of evidence you can get to show that it is true. Give the list to your legal representative.
To be a Convention Refugee, these six sentences must be true for you:
- If I return to my country, I will likely face persecution (be treated very badly).
- I would be treated badly because of my race, religion, nationality, or political opinion, or because of the social group I belong to.
- I am honestly scared to return.
- I have good reason to be scared to live in my country.
- My government cannot protect me.
- I cannot live safely or properly in any other part of the country.
Person in Need of Protection
To be a Person In Need of Protection, you must show that 1 or 2 is true:
- If I return to my country, the people who have power will likely torture me.
- If I return to my country, I could die or be treated cruelly,
- My government cannot protect me,
- I cannot live safely or properly in any other part of the country,
- I am at risk but not everyone in my country has this risk,
- I am not at risk only because my country wants to punish me for doing something that is a crime in Canada, and
- I am not at risk only because of poor health care in my country.