Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA)

You may be eligible to apply for a PRRA if you are being removed from Canada. This is an opportunity to seek protection from removal to a country where you would be at risk of persecution.

Eligibility

CBSA will notify you if you are eligible to apply for a PRRA. You cannot preemptively apply for a PRRA.

Remaining in Canada

If this is your first PRRA application, you are now benefiting from a stay of your removal order. As such, the arrangements to enforce your removal from Canada have been suspended. To ensure that the stay of your removal order remains in effect while your application is being processed, you must submit your application within the deadlines specified in your Notification Regarding a PRRA.

You will not be removed from Canada until:

  • You make a submission saying that you don’t plan on applying for PRRA
  • You miss the PRRA application deadline
  • Your PRRA application is refused
  • You withdraw or abandon your PRRA application.

How to apply

If you are eligible, CBSA will give you an application form and instruction guide. You will be able to apply before you are removed from Canada.

To apply for a PRRA, you must complete and submit the Application for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (IMM 5508) (given to you by CBSA). All of your family members in Canada who are 18 years of age or older and who are also applying for a PRRA must complete their own form.

Written submissions

You must also include written submissions in your application. Written submissions give you the opportunity to describe your situation. It is in your written submissions that you can explain why you think that you would be at risk if removed to your country of nationality or former habitual residence.

In your written submissions, it is important that you clearly answer the following questions:

  • Why would I be at risk if I was returned to my country of nationality or habitual residence?
  • What kind of risks would I face and why?
  • How do these risks concern me directly and personally?
  • Could I escape these risks by moving to another city or region of my country?
  • How does my situation compare with the situation of the rest of the population in my country of nationality or habitual residence?

If you have had a refugee claim or a previous PRRA application rejected, you may only provide new evidence, which has arisen since the rejection. New evidence includes: evidence that arose after the rejection, or that was not normally accessible, or that you could not reasonably have been expected in the circumstances to have presented at the time of rejection.

After your application

Positive decision:

If your PRRA application is accepted, in most cases, you become a protected person in Canada. After that, you can apply for permanent residence.

In some cases, your PRRA application will be accepted, but you won’t be eligible to become a protected person, if you are: inadmissible for serious criminality and at risk if you go back to your home country. In these situations, you can stay in Canada until things change or it is safe to send you to your home country.

Negative decision:

If your PRRA application is rejected, you must leave Canada.

If you disagree with the decision, you can also apply to the Federal Court of Canada for a review. You still have to leave Canada unless you ask the Court for a temporary stay of removal.